In the near future, fresh water will be very difficult to get and scarce. It is
said that in 2025 half of the mankind will live in the areas where fresh water is not
enough. Also, UN and WMO are predicting 5 billion people will be in short of even
drinking water. Also, in the present, there are some areas where sea water or
chloride contained sand are used as mixing water with or without intension.
The authors believe that the possibilities of using sea water as mixing water in
concrete should be investigated seriously.
In this paper, the authors would like to show various possibilities of using sea
water as mixing water in RC members.
The possibilities are shown as follows;
1. Mixed with pozzolanic materials (Blast furnace slag powder, etc.) expecting to
fix the free chloride ion.
2. Mixed with corrosion inhibitor.
3. Reinforced with stainless steel or corrosion resistant reinforcement.
4. Used in very dry or submerged conditions.